Saturday, May 25, 2024

France Expands Marine Protected Areas in Southern Indian Ocean


The French government recently announced that it will expand marine protections by about 1 million square kilometers (386,102 square miles) in the southern Indian Ocean.

French President Emmanuel Macron declared the new conservation measures at the One Ocean Summit in Brest, France, late last week. The move adds protections around Saint Paul and Amsterdam Islands, the Kerguelen Islands, and the Crozet Islands — which are all part of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands, an overseas territory that is home to a richly diverse wildlife community.

The expansion makes the waters around the three archipelagos the largest marine protected area in French waters by far, representing about 15% of the country’s global exclusive economic zone (EEZ).

Most importantly, the Southern Lands marine reserve will include a new highly protected area surrounding Saint Paul and Amsterdam Islands and covering about 255,000 square kilometers (98,500 miles), where all extractive activities, such as industrial fishing, will be prohibited. The added area will more than double the percentage of French waters that are highly protected, from 1.6% to 4%, but still leaves the country with a challenge of reaching its goal of highly protecting at least 10% of its waters by the end of this year.

According to Dona Bertarelli, co-chair of the Bertarelli Foundation and Patron for Nature for the International Union for Conservation of Nature:

“France’s ambitious action to fully protect these waters is vital to ensure a healthy ocean ecosystem in a biodiverse area rich in marine life — including orcas, penguins, Antarctic fur seals, and the critically endangered Amsterdam albatross. France’s announcement also provides a significant contribution toward the global goal of protecting at least 30% of our ocean by 2030.”

While Jérôme Petit, who leads the Pew Bertarelli Ocean Legacy Project’s work in French waters, added:

“As science continues to reinforce the value of large-scale, fully protected waters, France’s decision provides an important step toward a sustainable and healthy ocean. With the world’s largest exclusive economic zone — spanning 10 million square kilometers (3.9 million square miles) — France has an enormous opportunity to deliver global leadership on ocean conservation.”


John Liang
John Liang
John Liang is the News Editor at He first got the diving bug while in High School in Cairo, Egypt, where he earned his PADI Open Water Diver certification in the Red Sea off the Sinai Peninsula. Since then, John has dived in a volcanic lake in Guatemala, among white-tipped sharks off the Pacific Coast of Costa Rica, and other places including a pool in Las Vegas helping to break the world record for the largest underwater press conference.